Millions of children in the United States, including many in Palm Beach County, finish third grade without learning to read proficiently — and that puts them on a dreaded track of dropping out of high school.
The ability to read is critical to a child’s success in school, life-long earning potential, and his or her potential to contributing to our nation’s economy and security.
Many factors are at play for children to succeed at reading proficiency including the obvious: early literacy education, summer learning, family support, and high-quality teaching. Here’s one that’s not as well noted: school attendance.
Attending school regularly helps children feel better about their schoolwork — and themselves. And so, it makes sense that good attendance leads to children doing well later on in high school, college, and at work.
For us at Lake Worth West Community Center, a local committee is meeting to address school absenteeism in our community. Our Strong Starts group of residents, business leaders, school administrators, pre-school operators and other stakeholders are looking for local solutions to improve attendance for all students in the area west of Lake Worth – and, with it, raise reading proficiency levels.
It’s also a subject our staff and facilitators discuss often with our parents attending our BRIDGES at Lake Worth West programs and events.
So why is school attendance important? Research shows that missing 10 percent (or about 18 days) can create difficulties in learning to read, and students can fall behind even if they miss just one or two days every few weeks, according to Attendance Works, a national and state initiative that promotes better policy and practice around school attendance. Other facts show the depth of the problem:
— One in 10 kindergarten and first-grade students nationally are chronically absent, missing nearly a month of school. Further research shows even higher rates among preschoolers.
— Early absences are associated with reading difficulties and poor attendance patterns in later years of life. One study found that only 17 percent of students who were chronically absent in both kindergarten and first grade were reading proficiently in third grade, compared to 64 percent of those with good attendance.
— The effects of poor attendance are particularly hard on low-income children, who need more time in the classroom to master reading and are less likely to have access to resources outside of school to help them catch up. Unfortunately, low-income children are four times more likely to be chronically absent.
— Absences can affect the whole classroom if the teacher has to slow down learning to help some children catch up.
This research makes a clear case that parents have to understand the consequences of chronic absenteeism and, more importantly, do everything in their power to prevent their children from skipping school regularly.
Good attendance habits begin at home with the right messages from parents and caregivers, starting in preschool, so children learn right away that going to school on time is important. Many of our Spanish- and Creole-speaking parents who can’t read or speak English fluently can help their children learn to read simply by getting them to school everyday.
To encourage good attendance, parents can also (according to Attendance Works):
— Set a regular bed time and morning routine.
— Lay out clothes and pack backpacks the night before.
— Don’t let your child stay home unless he/she is truly sick. Keep in mind complaints of a stomach ache or headache can be a sign of anxiety and not a reason to stay home.
— Develop back-up plans for getting to school if something comes up. Call on a family member, a neighbor, or another parent.
— Avoid medical appointments and extended trips when school is in session.
The Lake Worth West Community Center and our partners are working with families to improve school attendance and, at the same time, reading skills. We’re helping families overcome barriers to getting children to class and ensuring that parents know the importance of attendance and the value of a rich and engaging school experience.
Carol Clinton is the executive director of Lake Worth West Community Center.
Interested in getting involved in our Strong Starts group? Call us at 561-649-9600.